WHITE WINE GRAPES

CHARDONNAY

Chardonnay is a variety of French origin. 

Chardonnay is the world’s most famous white-wine grape and also one of the most widely planted. 

Grain-cluster is average sized, wide-conical in shape, quite dense and very rarely loose. 

The grain is medium size with yellow-gold color. Skin moderately firm, flesh is juicy, sweet, and has a distinct flavor of this variety.

Ripeness: mid-September

RIESLING ITALICO

”Riesling Italico” is a white-wine grape variety grown throughout central and eastern Europe. 

It is mostly notorious for its neutrality, as it makes largely light, uninteresting white wines with high acidity.

The grapevine is of a medium vigor. The leaf is medium-sized, with five portions. 

The cluster is small, cylindrical, with wing. The grains are small, round, clear with prominent navel, green-yellow in color and juicy.

Synonyms include: Riesling Italico, Grasevina, Grassica, Grasac, Laski Rizling, Banat Riesling, Olaszrizling, Riesler, Wälschriesling, Welschrizling, Welsch Rizling

Ripeness: late September

RHINE RIESLING

Rhine Riesling is a light-skinned, aromatic grape of German origin. 

Riesling’s spiritual home is unquestionably the regions that trace the middle Rhine and the lower Mosel, two of Europe’s great wine rivers.

Grain-cluster is medium-sized or small, oval shaped, cylindrical, compressed. The grain size ranges from small to medium. The skin is firm, with the color of gold, and at full maturity flushed with rare small dark dots. 

The meat is juicy and the juice itself produces a distinct variety of flavors. The yield is medium. It is resistant to low temperatures and has a medium resistance to disease.

Ripeness: late September

SMEDEREVKA

Smederevka is a well-known Serbian variety. The variety’s name is derived from the name of Serbian city Smederevo. 

It is often used in its raw state as a table grape. 

Very fruitful, with a lot of grape juice, and with a pleasant taste and smell, reminiscing of vanilla. The most commonly used in the blending (coupaging).

Grain-cluster is medium-sized or large and compressed. The grain size is large, round, bright green – yellow color and taste is slightly acidic. 

It’s very sensitive to low temperatures and has a medium resistance to disease.

Ripeness: late September – early October

SAUVIGNON BLANC

Sauvignon Blanc is a white-wine grape from western France. 

The cluster is medium-sized or small, slightly conical or cylindrical in shape, often with one wing, compact. 

The grains are medium-sized, round, with a yellow-green color. The skin is medium strong, with flesh rather firm, sweet and aromatic.

Classic Sauvignon Blanc aromas range from grass, nettles, blackcurrant leaf and asparagus to green apples and gooseberries, and to more esoteric notes such as cats’ pee and gunflint.

Ripeness: late September

PINOT BLANC

Pinot Blanc is a versatile white-wine grape variety (or more accurately a white grape Pinot mutation sharing its genetic fingerprint with Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris et al) used in the production of still, sparkling and sweet dessert wines.

The wine has a straw-yellow color with greenish reflections. 

It has a light taste and a flavor that reminiscence to apples and peaches, with moderate or high acidity, and high alcohol content. 

Aging in barrels gives it a golden color.

Ripeness: late September

PINOT GRIS

Pinot Gris is a white-wine grape originally from the vineyards of Burgundy, but now found in wine regions all over the world. 

Pinot Gris is a pink-skinned mutation of Pinot Noir. The adjective ”gris” is French for “gray”, and refers to the dusty, light-gray sheen the grapes often take on.

Grain-cluster is small, cylindrical, tucked in, with one noticeable wing, and with compact, small, oval grains, often deformed due to the density of the clusters. 

Pinot Gris grapes are naturally low in acidity and high in sugars. Flavors and aromas vary greatly from region to region and from style to style, but commonly feature notes of pears, apples, stonefruit, sweet spices and even a hint of smoke or wet wool.

Synonyms include: Pinot Grigio, Rulander, Grauburgunder, Grauer Burgunder, Grauer Riesling, Grauklevner, Malvoisie, Fromenteau Gris, Pinot Beurot, Auvernat Gris, Auxerrois Gris, Tokay d’Alsace (prior to 2007), Szurkebarat, Sivi Pinot.

Ripeness: mid-August

ZUPLJANKA

Zupljanka is white-wine grape originates from Serbia (Srem region). 

It’s created by crossing varieties Prokupac and Pinot Noir. 

Grain-cluster is middle sized and berries also. 

It is specific in acid content, since it has more apple than tartaric acid.

Ripeness: mid-September – early October

WHITE TAMJANIKA

Tamjanika is an old local grape variety, with very distinct taste and smell, hence the name. 

Full taste and smell can be felt only when the grapes are fully ripened.

The cluster is medium-sized, cylindrical. 

Luxurious wine, straw-colored color with green reflections, characterized by muscat taste and smell, and carries in it a combination of spicy tones of incense, cinnamon and basil, and fruity tones of pineapple and strawberry. 

In addition to white there is a yellow incense. Yellow sister has more muscat taste, collecting a higher percentage of sugar.

Ripeness: early October

SEMILLON

The Sémillon grape is native to the Bordeaux region, France. 

Sémillon is a golden-skinned grape used to make dry and sweet white wines, mostly in France and Australia. 

It is fairly resistant to disease, except for rot. The thick-skinned grape is characterized by its autumnal colors in the vineyard. 

Sémillon is vigorous and easy to cultivate, and buds later (but ripens earlier) than its most common blending partner, Sauvignon Blanc. 

Although the fruit is usually bright golden-green, it is not uncommon to find pink- and copper-colored berries around harvest time. 

Certainly, when the grapes are affected by the noble rot, Botrytis cinerea, they take on darker hues and gnarled textures; viticulturists view the sight with anticipation and excitement.

Synonyms include: Malaga, Chevrier, Columbier, Blanc Doux, Wyndruif.

Ripeness: mid-October

GEWURZTRAMINER (TRAMINER)

Gewurztraminer or Traminer variety originates from South Tyrol in northern Italy, and was named after the village Tramin, where its breeding had begun. 

The German name Gewürztraminer literally means “Spice Traminer”. 

Traminer grape is medium yield range, but accumulates high percentage of sugar and optimal overall acid content, which is achieved by earlier harvest. 

Wine made from such grapes has exceptional flavor and aroma because it achieves a harmony and good balance between alcohol and acidity. It has a golden color and can be produced as a dry or semi-dry. 

Because of its very exquisite taste, Traminer is a wine that has continuous demand on markets from its consumers.

Ripeness: early September.

MUSCAT OTTONEL

Muscat Ottonel is a wine variety that originates from Hungary. 

It’s been grown in Vojvodina, and occasionally in central Serbia. 

The cluster is small, cylindrical-conical in shape, weighing 100–150g. 

The grain is small, round, with a medium-thick epidermis and yellow-green color. It ripens early, at the end of the first epoch. It accumulates up to 24% of sugar, which in special occasions can reach up to 30%. Very slightly acidic, approx. 5-7g/l. 

It provides high quality muscatel wines that are often used for improving the taste and smell in other wine varieties. 

Since it matures early and looks and smells good, in the local markets it is also available as a table grape variety.

Ripeness: late August – early September

Copyright 2018 – Kalem Đorđević

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