WHITE WINE GRAPES

CHARDONNAY

Chardonnay was developed in France. 

Chardonnay is the world’s most famous white-wine grape and also one of the most widely planted. 

Grain-clusters are medium sized, with wide-conical shape. Cluster is very loose and dense. 

Fruit is medium size and the skin has yellow-gold color. The flesh is juicy and sweet and it has a distinct flavor.

Ripeness: mid-September

RIESLING ITALICO

”Riesling Italico” is a white-wine grape variety and it’s growing throughout central and eastern Europe. 

This variety is notorious for its neutrality, as it makes light and uninteresting white wines with high acidity.

 

The clusters are small with ylindrical shape.

The grain is small and round shaped, with green-yellow color.

Synonyms include: Riesling Italico, Grasevina, Grassica, Grasac, Laski Rizling, Banat Riesling, Olaszrizling, Riesler, Wälschriesling, Welschrizling, Welsch Rizling

Ripeness: late September

RHINE RIESLING

Rhine Riesling is aromatic grape of German origin. 

Riesling’s spiritual home is unquestionably the regions that trace the middle Rhine and the lower Mosel, two of Europe’s great wine rivers.

Grain-clusters are small to medium sized with oval shape and compressed.

The skin is firm, with golden color.

The flesh is juicy and itself produces a distinct variety of flavors. Grape is resistant to low temperatures and it has a medium resistance to disease.

Ripeness: late September

SMEDEREVKA

Smederevka is a well-known Serbian variety. The variety’s name is derived from the name of Serbian city Smederevo. 

It is often used in its raw state as a table grape. 

This variety is vaery fruitful, with a lot of grape juice, and with a pleasant taste and smell, reminiscing of vanilla. Smederevka is the most commonly used in the blending (coupaging).

Grain-clusters are medium to large sized and compressed. The grain size is large and round with bright green – yellow color of the skin. Taste is slightly acidic. 

This variety is very sensitive to low temperatures and it has a medium resistance to disease.

Ripeness: late September – early October

SAUVIGNON BLANC

Sauvignon Blanc was developed in western France. 

The clusters are small to medium sized, with slightly conical or sometimes cylindrical shape. 

The grain is medium sized and round, with a yellow-green skin color. The skin is medium strong. Flesh is firm, sweet and aromatic.

Classic Sauvignon Blanc aromas range from grass, nettles, blackcurrant leaf and asparagus to green apples and gooseberries, and to more esoteric notes such as cats’ pee and gunflint.

Ripeness: late September

PINOT BLANC

Pinot Blanc is a versatile white-wine grape variety (or more accurately a white grape Pinot mutation sharing its genetic fingerprint with Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris et al) used in the production of still, sparkling and sweet dessert wines.

The wine has a straw-yellow color with greenish reflections. 

Pinot Blanc wine has a light taste and a flavor that reminiscence to apples and peaches, with moderate or high acidity, and high alcohol content. 

Aging in barrels this wine gives golden color.

Ripeness: late September

PINOT GRIS

Pinot Gris is a white-wine grape originally from Burgundy (France). 

Pinot Gris is a pink-skinned mutation of Pinot Noir. The adjective ”gris” is French word for “gray” and it refers to dusty and light-gray sheen the grapes often take on.

Grain-clusters are small and cylindrical shaped. Grain is small and oval, often deformed due to the density of the clusters. 

Pinot Gris grapes are naturally high in sugars and low in acidity. Flavors and aromas can vary from region to region and from style to style, but commonly are notes of pears, apples, stonefruit, sweet spices and even a hint of smoke or wet wool.

Synonyms include: Pinot Grigio, Rulander, Grauburgunder, Grauer Burgunder, Grauer Riesling, Grauklevner, Malvoisie, Fromenteau Gris, Pinot Beurot, Auvernat Gris, Auxerrois Gris, Tokay d’Alsace (prior to 2007), Szurkebarat, Sivi Pinot.

Ripeness: mid-August

ZUPLJANKA

Zupljanka is white-wine grape which was developed in Serbia (Srem region). 

Zupljanka was created by crossing Prokupac and Pinot Noir varieties. 

Grain-clusters and fruits are middle sized.

Zupljanka is specific in acid content because it has more apple than tartaric acid.

Ripeness: mid-September – early October

WHITE TAMJANIKA

Tamjanika is an old local grape variety, with very distinct taste and smell, hence the name. 

When the grapes are fully ripened it can be felt full taste and smell.

The clusters are medium-sized with cylindrical shape. 

Luxurious wine, straw-colored color with green reflections, characterized by muscat taste and smell, and carries in it a combination of spicy tones of incense, cinnamon and basil, and fruity tones of pineapple and strawberry. 

In addition to white there is a yellow incense of this variety. Yellow sister of Tamjanika has more muscat taste, and it’s collecting a higher percentage of sugar.

Ripeness: early October

SEMILLON

The Sémillon variety of grape originates to the Bordeaux region, France. 

Sémillon has a golden skin  of grape and it used to make dry and sweet white wines, in France and Australia. 

It is  quite resistant to disease, except for the rot. The thick-skinned grape is characterized by its autumnal colors in the vineyard. 

Sémillon is vigorous variety and it is easy to cultivate, and its most common blending partner, Sauvignon Blanc. 

Although the fruit is usually bright golden-green colored, it is not uncommon to find pink- and copper-colored berries around harvest time. 

When the grapes are affected by the noble rot, Botrytis cinerea, they take on darker hues and gnarled textures.

Synonyms include: Malaga, Chevrier, Columbier, Blanc Doux, Wyndruif.

Ripeness: mid-October

GEWURZTRAMINER (TRAMINER)

Gewurztraminer or Traminer variety was developed in South Tyrol in northern Italy, and it was named after the village Tramin, where its breeding had started. 

The German name Gewürztraminer means “Spice Traminer”. 

Traminer grape is medium yield range, but it can accumulates high percentage of sugar and optimal overall acid content, which is achieved by earlier harvest. 

Wine made from such grapes has exceptional flavor and aroma because it achieves a harmony and good balance between alcohol and acidity. It has a golden color and can be produced as a dry or semi-dry. 

Traminer is a wine that has continuous demand on markets from its consumers because of its very exquisite taste.

Ripeness: early September.

MUSCAT OTTONEL

Muscat Ottonel is a wine variety that was developed in Hungary. 

Also Muscat Ottonel been grown in Vojvodina, and occasionally in central Serbia. 

The clusters are small, with cylindrical-conical shape, weighing between 100–150g. 

The grains are small and round, with a medium-thick skin and yellow-green color. Muscat Ottonel accumulates up to 24% of sugar, which can reach up to 30%. Very slightly acidic, approx. 5-7g/l. 

This variety provides high quality muscatel wines that are often been used for improving the taste and smell in other wine varieties. 

Also this variety is available as a table grape variety since it matures early and it has good smell and taste.

Ripeness: late August – early September

Copyright 2018 – Kalem Đorđević

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