Vranac is a black variety of grapes, native to Serbia, Montenegro, BiH and Macedonia. 

Vranac’s name can be translated as ‘strong black’.

It produces dense and deeply-colored red wines with flavors and aromas which range from sour cherry, blackberry and blackcurrant to chocolate, mint and vanilla. 

Berries are large and thin-skinned. Vranac is vigorous and high-yielding. This variety is sensitive to  frost and botrytis. 


Vranac has high tannin content and good levels of acidity.

Ripeness: mid-September – early October


Prokupac is a red wine grape variety indigenous to Serbia and Macedonia. 

Prokupac can be used to produce rosé wines and in blends.

Prokupac rosé wines have deep ruby color, much darker than traditional pink or blush rosés. 

Prokupac rose wines have aromas of rose petals and strawberries. The red wines of Prokupac have also deep ruby color and they tend to show red fruit flavors. 

Prokupac is often blended with more international grape varieties like Pinot Noir, Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon.

Synonyms include: Crnka, Darchin, Kamenicarka, Majski Cornii, Prokupka, Zarcin.

Ripeness: Early October


Cabernet Sauvignon is the most famous red wine grape variety. 

This variety was developed in Bordeaux in France. Cabernet has successfully spread to almost every wine growing country in the world. 

Cabernet Sauvignon developed by natural crossing of varieties Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc.

Cabernet Sauvignon wines always have common character traits: deep color, good tannin structure, moderate acidity and aromas of blackcurrant, tomato leaf, dark spices and cedarwood.

Ripeness: end of September


Merlot is a red wine grape variety from Bordeaux, France. 

Merlot is an early maturing grape variety which can ripen fully even in cooler climates.

Merlo has less tannin content than Cabernet Sauvignon, and it can be used for aging and blending. 

The grain-cluster is medium to large and cylindrical shaped. Grains are medium large and round with blue color. 

Wine from Merlot is nicely colored, harmonious and very refreshing. It has a taste and smell of berries, cherries and plums. 

Merlot wine is dark red.

Ripeness: end of September


Pinot Noir is the most dominant red wine grape of Burgundy (France) and now it was adopted in wine regions all over the world.

The grain-clusters are small, dense with cylindrical shape.

Grain is small to medium sized. The skin of grape is black-purple and thin. The flesh is juicy and sweet.

The essence of Pinot Noir wine is aroma of strawberris and cherries.

Synonyms include: Pinot Nero, Pinot Negro, Spätburgunder, Blauburgunder, Crni Burgundac

Ripeness: early September


Tamjanika is wine grape variety indigenous to Serbia. 

It is found in Rajac and Negotinska Krajina (Serbia). Climate is there a lot of sunny weather with sandy soil.

Tamjanika has a very special smell and taste which can be detected a few meters away from the mature grapes. 

Tamjanika has characteristic Muscat notes of cinnamon, basil, pineapple and strawberry. Grapes have a dark purple color and berries are small, yellow, almost perfect balls.

The Black Tamjanika is a rare, smooth wine of particularly harmonized and strong taste.

Ripeness: early September


Cabernet Franc is a black-skinned French wine grape variety which is growing in most wine producing nations. 

Cabernet Franc mostly appears in blended red wines, where it adds herbaceous accents of tobacco and dark spice. 

Cabernet Franc wine is light to medium bodied and often shows herbal characteristics, in particular green bell peppers. This can cause that wine drinkers incorrectly identify Cabernet Franc as unripe Cabernet Sauvignon.

The clusters are medium sized with weight from 90-120g. The grains are medium sized with oval shape and the skin is blue in color and thin.

Grape contains 20–22% of sugar. The wine is dark red, with a lovely aroma and pleasant taste.

Ripeness: mid-September.


Franconia variety was developed in Germany. 

The grain-clusters are medium to very large size, with pyramidal shape.

The grain is medium and round shaped. The skin is very thick and solid with dark blue color. The flesh is juicy, with neutral flavor, with a low sugar content which is resulting in a distinct acidic expression . 

This variety is suitable for growing in a variety of soil types and conditions.

Wine is red in color and medium quality.

Ripeness: end of September.


Syrah and Shiraz are the same grape: Syrah is the French term for this varity while Australians call it  Shiraz.

Syrah wines are produced in moderate and hot climates. The skin is thick and it requires a very big dose of sun to allow to ripen. 

Syrah / Shiraz wines tend to be deeply colored, with medium-high tannin and medium acidity levels. 

Syrah can be used as a single variety or as a blend. Wines are normally full-bodied, with black fruits flavoure. In moderate climates, you may taste peppery spice, herbaceousness and smokey characteristics. 

In regions were is hotter, grapes can be more riper, even jammy, fruit flavours with sweet spice (liquorice) and dark chocolate shining through. 

Copyright 2018 – Kalem Đorđević

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