VARIETIES OF PEARS
Williams pear originates from Great Britain. Accidentally developed, it is one of the most renown and grown pear varieties worldwide. The tree is medium vigorous with a lushly branched crown.
Williams pear flourishes mid- late to late and yields are regular and rich. This variety ripens around August 20th.
The fruits of Williams pear are large, around 225-250 grams each, and are used fresh for eating but also processed, especially in the making of spirit, compotes, dried and other.
The skin color is pale green in the base, which changes to a lemon-yellow as the fruit ripens. It also has visible, brown lenticels on the surface. The flesh of Williams pear is yellow to white, sweet, juicy, with an accentuated musky aroma.
Santa Maria (Saint Mary) pear is a summer variety. The tree is vigorous, it flourishes mid-early and ripens mid-August.
The flattened fruits of Santa Maria pear are medium-large to large, 150- 250 grams in weight.
The skin is lemon-yellow in color with red shades on the side that gets more sun. The flesh of Santa Maria is juicy, soluble, with a less accentuated scent and a characteristic aroma. The trunk should be mildly pruned later on.
Suitable pollinizers for Santa Maria include Abate Fetel, Coscia, Williams, Early Morettini.
Carmen is a variety of pear discovered in 1980 in Italy and is considered as one of the best pear varieties today and records contant grow in demand around the world.
Tree is vigorous and yields abundantly. Carmen pear flowers in mid-late season.
Fruit of Carmen variety ripens around middle of August and have average weight of 190-200 grams. Skin color of this variety is yellow-green in base and red covering with distinct lenticels. Flesh of Carmen pear is aromatic and juicy which makes it a great dessert variety.
It stores well and can be kept in cold storage until December.
This high-quality pear is a French variety with unknown parents.
The tree of Abate Fetel is medium vigorous with a branchy crown. Abate is a late fall variety, that ripens last two weeks of September.
The fruits are conical, elongated, medium-large to large, weighing 200- 320 grams each. The main color of the fruit is pale green, which changes to a straw yellow when ripe. The flesh of Abate Fetel is white to yellow in color, with a fine texture, sweet taste, and a pleasant scent.
Pollinizers include Williams, Packham’s, Crassane, and others. It can be stored in cold storage for 4 to 5 months.
Kieffer is an American variety of pear that ripens mid-October.
It was popular at one time due to its resilience towards Erwinia.
The fruits of Kieffer pear are large, yellowish-brown in color, rounded at the side.
Kieffer is a self-pollinating variety and therefore it doesn’t need other pollinizers. However, another pear tree nearby can positively affect the pollination.
BELLA DI GIUGNO (JUNE’S BEAUTY)
This variety comes from Italy.
The tree is medium vigorous to vigorous, it flourishes early and has a rich yield. Bella di Giugno ripens at the end of June and gives smaller fruits, about 60 grams each, elongated in shape.
The green skin is covered in an attractive red shade on the side that gets more sunlight. The flesh of Bella di Giugno is juicy and white in color.
Suitable pollinizers include Coscia, Morettini, Colorée de Juillet.
BUTIRRA (EARLY MORETTINI)
Butirra or Early Morettini is developed in Italy in 1956. by crossbreeding William and Coscia pears. Tree of Butirra variety is medium vigorous to vigorous and flowers mid-early season. Fruit ripens at the end of July or beginning of August.
Early Morettini fruit is medium large to large with average weight of 140 grams. Skin is smooth, thin and glossy, yellow-green color in base covered in bright red blush on the sunny side. Above that skin is speckled with small and slightly distinct dots. Flesh of Butirra pear is firm, whitish and juicy, sweet-sour in taste and very pleasant aroma.
Butirra is considered as a high quality dessert pear, and besides being consumed fresh it is found in many culinary recipes. It can be stored in cold storage up to one month.
Good pollinators for Early Morettini are June’s Coloured (Coloree de Juillet), June’s Beauty (Bella di Giugno), etc.
COLOREE DE JUILLET (JULY’S COLOURED)
Coloree de Juillet variety was discovered in France in 1857 and is quite adaptive to various climate and soil factors.
It ripens mid-July and the tree is vigorous.
The rich yield of Coloree de Juillet comes early.
This variety has small to medium-large fruits, 80-100 grams each, elongated in shape.
The skin is pale green with red streaks on the sunny side.
Colorée de Juillet’s flesh is juicy, soft, with a mild scent and a sweet-sour taste.
POIRE DE CURE
Curé (poire) is a french variety developed in 18th century and has many varieties of it’s name.
Tree of Poire de Curé is vigorous with a well formed pyramidal crown. It yields at the beginning of October. Blossoms mid-early to mid-late and yields large fruits in typical pear shape, weighing 180-250 grams each.
Curé (poire) has yellow-green skin colour in its base that when yielding turns to yellow with red blush on the side of fruit exposed to sun. Flesh of Curé pear is white in color, juicy, firm with characteristic sweet-sour taste.
It can be stored very well and for a longer period of time.
Copyright 2018 – Kalem Đorđević