VARIETIES OF APPLES

GRANNY SMITH

Granny Smith apple was discovered in Australia in 1868.

Flavoure of Granny Smith can be described by one word: acidic. It is an uncompromising crisp hard apple with very sharp taste.

Crop is medium large to large, with round-conical shape, and weight around 250 g.

Ripens: late October-early November

Pollinators: Gloster, Golden Delicious, Idared.

GRANNY SMITH CHALLENGER

The intense green colouration is only one of the characteristics of this variety of Granny Smith.

Fruit has a firm skin with white lenticels, which are more pronounced than on Granny Smith. 

Apple is very juicy with a high acid content.

Tree is medium growth.

Pollinators: Idared, Braeburn, Arlet, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious

 

IDARED

Idared apple was developed in America in 1935. by crossing Jonathan and Wagner varieties.

The fruits are medium sized around 200-300 grams and round, with a layer bright red over a green-red background.

The flesh is yellow-green.  Taste is sweet and tart, juicy yet crisp and firm.

Ripens: late September-early October

GOLDEN DELICIOUS

Golden Delicious apple variety was developed in USA in 1912.

Golden Delicious is a large, yellowish-green skinned cultivar and very sweet taste.

Self-pollinating.

Ripens: mid-September

GOLDEN DELICIOUS KLON B LB

Golden Delicious klon B LB is selection of the mutation clone B.

Characteristics: regular and high yield, good fertility and perfect fruit size. Skin is shiner with golden color and sometimes with a pink bloom.

Tree is medium growth, good pollinator for other varieties.

Harvest: Early September, easy to store.

Pollinators: Jonathan, Granny Smith, Gala, Red Delicious, Crimson Gold.

GOLDEN REINDERS

This variety is Golden Delicious mutation by Reinders (Netherlands).

Skin is very smooth. The flesh is yellowish and firm, sweet and crunchy, with very low acid content.

Tree is medium growth, good pollinator for other varieties.

Resistance: susceptible scab,average susceptible to mildew, low susceptibility to canker

Harvest: Early September, easy to store.

Pollinators: Jonathan, Granny Smith, Gala, Red Delicious, Crimson Gold.

GALA MUST

Gala Must originates from New Zealand.

The fruit is crisp and sweet. The flesh is bright yellow and fleshy.

Harvest: during the month of October.

Gala Must is an excellent pollinator for other varieties.

It can be pollinated with most any variety. 

GALA ROYAL

Gala Royal variety of apple is a cross between a Golden Delicious and Kidd’s Orange Red. 

The skin of fruit is with orange stripes and a partial orange blush over a yellowish background.

Crop is small to medium sized with a thinner skin.

Fruit stores well and can be used from October through to January.

Pollinators: Braeburn, Fuji, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Red Delicious.

GALA SCHNIGA SCHNITZER

Gala Schniga Schnitzer is bud mutation from Royal Gala, discovered by Schnitzer Franz from Tyrol Village (South Tyrol/Italy).

This variety has a medium, conical size with a thinner skin.

Tree is medium growth with high yield.

Harvest: End of August

Pollinators: Braeburn, Fuji, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Red Delicious

GALA SCHNIGA SCHNICO RED

Gala Schniga Schnico Red is bud mutation from Gala Schniga Schnitzer, found in Nals (South Tyrol).

Te skin is very intense, dark red, non-glossy colouration. Crop has a medium, conical size.

Tree is medium growth with high yield.

Harvest: End of August

Pollinators: Fuji, Golden Delicious Granny Smith, Red Delicious.

GALA FENDECA

Gala Fendeca is a mutation of Gala, discovered by Alberto Decarli and Reinhard Kaneppele (South Tyrol).

The skin is red intensive, blushed and lightly striped. The color covers nearly the total surface of fruits.

Gala ‘Fendeca’ remains a typical Gala due to very pronounced lenticels and presence of the Gala typical silver film.

Pollinators: Granny Smith, Red Delicious

GLOSTER

Gloster was developed in Germany in 1969 by crossing Glockenapfel and Richared variety.

Tree is vigorous.

Crop is large around 200-250 grams.

The skin is pallid green in the base and covered with red color. Flesh is pallid yellow and it has a sweet-sour taste.

Pollinators: Golden Delicious, Red Delicious, Granny Smith, and others.

JONAGOLD

Jonagold was developed in USA in 1943 by crossing Golden Delicious and Jonathan variety.

The tree is vigorous.

Crops are medium large to very large, around 200-250 grams.

The skin is yellow of Golden Delicious, with large flushes of red. This is a crisp apple, with gleaming white flesh. The flavoure is sweet but with balancing acidity.

Pollinators: Granny Smith, Idared, Gloster, Elstar, Braeburn.

Ripens: mid-September

MUTSU

Mutsu originated from Japan from 1948 by crossing Golden Delicious and Indo variety.

The tree is vigorous.

Mutsu is a medium to large sized light green apple.

Flesh is varying in color from white to greenish yellow. It can be round, conical shape. Mutsu is aromatic, sweet, and sharp, with juicy flesh.

Pollinators: Jonathan, Gloster, Fuji, Idared, Granny Smith.

BRAEBURN

Braeburn apple was developed in New Zealand in 1952 by crossing Lady Hamilton and an unknown variety.

Fruit is medium large to large sized and with oval shape.

Braeburn apples have a combination of sweet and tart flavor.

The skin is yellow in base and it is covered in red and orange color with red stripes.

Braeburn tastes sweet and slightly tart and has a distinct aromatic aftertaste.

RED DELICIOUS

Red Delicious was developed in USA.

Red Delicious is a medium-sized apple, elongated conical shape.

The skin is dark and it has very intense crimson color.  A number of improved “sports” have been developed.

Red Delicious has a sweet but very mild flavor, somewhat reminscent of slightly over-ripe melon.

The flesh is juicy and has a light crispness.  The skin can be quite tough. 

 

RED CHIEF

Red Chief was developed in USA in 1880.

Flesh is yellow-white, crisp and jucy. Medium firmness.

The crops are elongated, conical shape, large to very large sized.

PollInators: Golden Delicious, Fuji, Braeburn, Granny Smith.

Ripens: late September

SUPERCHIEF

Superchief is mutation of Red Chief apple.

The fruit is medium to large sized, high with pronounced edges.

Color of fruit is a deep red, striped and slightly blushed.

Harvest: Middle to end of September

Pollinators: Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Idared, G

JEROMINE

Jeromine apple is mutation of Early Red One Erovan developed in France.

Characteristics of this variety are standard form of medium to low vigour, fruit color is dark red, very high quality.

Fruit is large size, conic and symmetric, slightly ribbed.

Pollinators: Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Gala, Fuji.

RED DELICIOUS MEMA MESTAR

This variety is mutation from Hi Early which was found in South Tyrol in Italy.

This type of apple has a very typical Red Delicious character. The color of fruit is very dark red with pronounced edges. 

Tree is low to medium growth, with very good productivity.

Harvest: Middle to end of September

Pollinators: Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Idared.

FUJI

Fuji comes from Japan, where it was developed in the 1940s and released in 1962.

However its parentage is all-american. Fuji is a cross between the widely grown Red Delicious, and Ralls Janet. Fuji is surely one of the more attractive modern apple varieties.

Its main characteristic is the lovely pink speckled flush over a yellow-green background.

It is also crisp and juicy, with dull white flesh. The taste is  sweet, very refreshing.

Pollinators: Golden Delicious, Gala, Red Delicious, Granny Smith

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Copyright 2018 – Kalem Đorđević

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