Granny Smith is one of the most known and recognizable apple varieties. Discovered in the second part of 19. century in Australia and soon it became one of its most celebrated export brands. It is supposed that it is an accidental hybrid between European wild and local domestic apple.

This apple has distinct sour taste and admirers of sour tasting apples consider it a favourite. The fruit of Granny Smith has intensive green color speckled with white lenticels. Flesh is firm, crispy and juicy, white in color. It has medium large to large fruit, round-conical in shape, weight around 200 – 250 g. Granny Smith belongs to a late variety with yield ripening from second half of October up to beginning of November. 

Good pollinators are Gloster, Golden Delicious, Idared etc. It can be stored and kept up to June.


The intense green colouration is only one of the characteristics of this variety of Granny Smith.

The fruit has a firm skin with white lenticels, more pronounced than on Granny Smith. 

It is very juicy with a high acid content. Regular, medium to high yield and hardly any alternation are other advantages of this good pollinator. 

Tree is medium growth.

Pollinators: Idared, Braeburn, Arlet, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious



Idared variety was discovered in America in 1935. crossing Jonathan and Wagner variety.

The fruit has juicy flesh, sweet-sour in taste. Flesh is firm, whitish color and medium fine texture. Skin is light green in color covered with intensive red. Ripens at the end of September up to first half of October. Medium large to large in size, weight of 150g – 350g, flattened round in shape.

Tree flowers medium early and gives yield regularly and abundantly. Idared is very good for transport, which with all before characteristics makes it an ideal apple for market. Great for storage also, it can be stored up to July in controlled atmosphere.


Originated in 1912. in the United States and turned out as one of the most important varieties in the 20th century both as a commercial and as a parent breeding variety.

Flesh is firm but fine and smooth, white in color and crisp. Taste of the apple is juicy, aromatic with balanced sweet-tart flavor. Skin colour is pale green to golden yellow, sometimes with a pink blush. It is ripening in the middle of September. Symmetrical, elongated-conical in shape and medium large to large in size weighing 150g – 220g. It has good resistance to spring frosts and gives yield early and abundantly in the following seasons.

Golden Delicious is mostly used as fresh eating variety and in culinary purposes, also in industry as juiced, dried and other products.


Golden Delicious klon B LB is selection of the mutation clone B, Laimburg 1978.

Characterised by high and regular yield as well as early yield start, good fertility and perfect fruit size. Susceptible to russetting, but beautiful shape and colour with even and typical lenticels.

Tree: Medium growth, medium to late bloom, good pollinator.

Harvest: Beginning to middle of September, hardly susceptible to pre-harvest windfall, easy to store.

Pollinators: Jonathan, Granny Smith, Gala, Red Delicious, Crimson Gold.


Origin: Golden Delicious mutation, found by Reinders (Netherlands).

The fruit is hardly susceptible to russetting. Suitable for growing in less favourable cultivation areas. The skin is very smooth and the fruit has a very nice shape. The apple’s flesh is yellowish, firm, crunchy and sweet, and it has a very low acid content. The harvest must take place at the right time.

Tree: Medium growth, open side branch angle, medium to late bloom, good pollinator.

Harvest: Beginning to middle of September, easy to store.

Pollinators: Jonathan, Granny Smith, Gala, Red Delicious, Crimson Gold.


During the mid spring months, Gala Must produces ample pink blossoms that slowly fade to a whitish hue.

Following flowering, the tree starts to develop a good crop of lovely solid red apples.

The fruit tastes crisp and sweet. It has ample juice and a very aromatic flavour. The flesh is bright yellow and fleshy.

The apples are a favourite snacking apple or can be used in cooking. The fruit often ripens early and should be ready for harvest during the month of October.

Gala Must is an excellent pollinator. It also requires a nearby pollinator in order to produce fruit. It can be pollinated by most any variety. 


Many sports of Gala have been selected, mostly for increased red color, including the popular Royal Gala. The original cultivar produced fruit with orange stripes and a partial orange blush over a yellow background.

Small to medium sized with a thinner skin, this sweet, succulent apple is a cross between a Golden Delicious and Kidd’s Orange Red.

Regular, heavy crops are produced, though the fruit can be small they have a sweet, honeyed flavour. Fruit stores well and can be used from October through to January.

Pollinators: Braeburn, Fuji, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Red Delicious.


Origin: Bud mutation from Royal Gala, discovered by Schnitzer Franz from Tyrol Village (South Tyrol/Italy).

With a colour typical of the variety and pronounced stripes almost across the entire surface, it is suitable for cultivation in northern regions with good colouration. The fruit has a medium, conical size. It is free from viruses and can therefore grow to the ideal fruit size.

Tree: Medium growth, high yield.

Harvest: End of August

Pollinators: Braeburn, Fuji, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Red Delicious


Bud mutation from Gala Schniga Schnitzer, found in Nals (South Tyrol).

Intense, dark red, non-glossy colouration covering the entire surface. The fruit has a medium, conical size. It gains colour very early and is therefore particularly suitable for areas with little colouration.

Tree: Medium growth, high yield

Harvest: End of August

Pollinators: Fuji, Golden Delicious Granny Smith, Red Delicious.


ORIGIN: Gala Fendeca is a mutation of Gala, discovered by Alberto Decarli and Reinhard Kaneppele (South Tyrol).

Red intensive, blushed and lightly striped; the colour is striped at the beginning and uniform at maturity. The colour covers nearly the total surface of fruits. Nevertheless the colour is very intensive. Gala ‘Fendeca’ remains a typical Gala due to very pronounced lenticels and presence of the Gala typical silver film.

TREE Vigour: weak to medium. Blossom: middle to late. 

Pollinators: Granny Smith, Red Delicious


Gloster variety originates from Germany and was developed in 1969 by crossing Glockenapfel and Richared.

Tree is vigorous with a narrow pyramidal crown. Gloster flourishes mid-early to mid-late and flourishing itself in a 20 to 25 days long process.

The yield is rich and regular, with large fruits that vary in weight between 150 and 250 grams. Skin of Gloster variety is pale green in the base and covered in red. The intensity of the red depends on the lighting. The flesh is colored in pale yellow and has a sweet- sour taste.

Suitable pollinizers for Gloster include Golden Delicious, Red Delicious, Granny Smith, and others. Can be kept up to 6 months when stored cool.


Jonagold is developed in 1943 by crossing the varieties of Golden Delicious and Jonathan. This apple variety has a vigorous tree that flourishes rather late while the yield is regular and rich.

The fruits are medium large to very large, weighing 180-250 grams. Its skin has a greenish – yellow shade that changes to light red. The flesh is juicy and crispy, with a recognizable sweet-sour taste. Jonagold got its sweetness from Golden Delicious and its sourness from Jonathan, and this combination makes it one of the best dessert apples out there.

This variety is great to be eaten by itself, used in fruit salads but also to be baked. The fruit has a thin and long peduncle. Jonagold ripens September 15th–30th. Since it’s a triploid variety, it needs two pollenizers that flourish at the same time. Suitable pollenizers include Granny Smith, Idared, Gloster, Elstar, Braeburn. It can be kept in cold storage until mid-February and until June in a controlled atmosphere.


Mutsu is a variety developed in 1930 in Japan.

The parent varieties are Golden Delicious and Indo. The tree is exceptionally vigorous with a wide crown, pyramidal in shape.

Mutsu flourishes mid-late, with an early and abundant yield. The fruits are vastly large, with an average 180- 350 grams in weight. The firm and juicy flesh has a unique aroma. Mutsu has a chunky structure and a recognizable sweet taste.

Suitable pollinizers include Jonathan, Gloster, Fuji, Idared, James Grieve, Granny Smith.

Can be kept till March when stored cool.


Braeburn was discovered in 1952 in New Zealand by chance crossing Lady Hamilton and an unknown variety.

Tree of this variety is fairly vigorous and gives yield abundantly. Blooms in the middle of April. Oval in shape, Braeburn is medium large to large in size.

Thin and yellow skin is covered in red to orange colour and highlighted by red stripes intensity varying on sun exposure and ripeness. The flesh firm, very crisp and juicy, cream-yellow in color.

Braeburn tastes sweet and slightly tart and has a distinct aromatic aftertaste. Stores very well and can be found available October through April.


Red Delicious is one of the most famous American apples, and one of the most widely grown apple varieties.

Red Delicious is a medium-sized apple, with a tall conical shape. The dark and intense crimson colour makes it the quintessential red apple, and it is has strong shelf appeal.  A number of improved “sports” have been developed.

Red Delicious has a sweet but very mild flavor, somewhat reminscent of slightly over-ripe melon. The flesh is juicy and has a light crispness.  The skin can be quite tough. 



Red Chief has its origin in America, and while the tree may be less vigorous, it has a regular and abundant yield.

It ripens from the end of September until first week of October.

The fruits are somewhat elongated, in a bell-like, conical shape, large to very large in size, uniformly covered in an attractive shade of red. The flesh of Red Chief is crisp, juicy, pale green in color. With its pleasant taste, Red Chief can be consumed raw but also used cooked or baked.

Suitable pollInizers are Golden Delicious, Fuji, Braeburn, Granny Smith.

It can be kept until the end of June.


Origin: mutation of Red Chief

The spur type has very intense red colouration. The colour comes early and is uniform across the whole tree. The fruit is medium-sized to large, high with pronounced edges.

Superchief is a Spur type with similar vigor as Red Chief. The fruit color is a deep red, striped and slightly blushed. The coloring comes early and is uniform on the whole tree. High and regular production.

Tree: Growth with typical spur character

Harvest: Middle to end of September

Pollinators: Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Idared, Gala


Origin: French mutation of Early Red One® Erovan

General characteristics: standard form of medium-low vigour,extremely productive, fruit uniformly dark red, high quality.

Ripens at the same time as Early Red One® Erovan*, about 5 days before Red Delicious spur types.

Fruit is conic, symmetric, slightly ribbed; large size, higher quality than other Red Delicious clones.

Stores well with (7 months) and without (3 months) modified atmosphere.

Pollinators: Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Gala, Fuji.


Origin: Mutation from Hi Early; found in South Tyrol.

This semi-spur type has a very typical Red Delicious character. The colour comes very early, with the fruit turning very dark red with pronounced edges. 

Tree: Low to medium growth, very good productivity

Harvest: Middle to end of September

Pollinators: Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Idared.


Fuji is surely one of the more attractive modern apple varieties.

Its main characteristic is the lovely pink speckled flush over a yellow-green background.

It is also crisp and juicy, with dull white flesh which snaps cleanly. The flavor is predominantly sweet, very refreshing (especially if slightly chilled), but not particularly outstanding.

As you might expect, Fuji comes from Japan, where it was developed in the 1940s and released in 1962.  However its parentage is all-american. Fuji is a cross between the widely grown Red Delicious, and Ralls Janet.

Pollinators: Golden Delicious, Gala, Red Delicious, Granny Smith

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